Based from Misereor urban agenda workshop, October 23-24, 2006
Posted by urbanpooralliance on August 14, 2007
Posted by urbanpooralliance on August 8, 2007
The choice of operations of most of Philssa’s members in Quezon City reflect their commitment in correcting the city’s contradictions, balancing these with appropriate response for the marginalised sectors. Most of them have opted to concentrate in the most populous District 2, which also happens to be home to more than 15,000 urban poor families and an electoral base which no local candidate must ignore.
Back in the early 90s, Harnessing Self-Reliance, Initiative and Knowledge (HASIK), the now defunct and Philssa member led several attempts in consolidating urban poor groups in District 2. By 1993, this came into fruition with District 2 Based Alliance (D2Ba). Despite organisational problems which would later led to its demise after a few years, D2Ba nonethelss became a process in promoting self-organised communities and developing electoral awareness. It also became an opportunity for NGOs to further assess technologies of organising and even retool themselves. Aside from Philssa members, District 2 has also been the focus of partner independent organisations such as ALMANOVA, DAMPA, HPFP, SAMA-SAMA, and ULR-TF.
As any other NGO, every members has at its end-goal to decommission its services to the communities, allowing the latter to sustain themselves, including the engagement with the local government especially the barangays. Among the areas known for community organising and the delivery of other services are the NGC and Payatas. Albeit several NGO members have withdrawn from NGC, allowing more independent POs in the area, many remain in Payatas.
Bgy. Bahay Toro
In 1995, Sitio Sinagtala became a recipient of a technical assistance initiated a technical assistance for settlement planning cooperation with a local homeowner’s association.
FDA facilitated trallhe ownership of land covering an area of some 16,000 sq/m by 326 families. This proclaimed site entailed P12,800,000 worth of loan.
Bgy. Bagong Silangan
Bgy. Bagong Silangan has been touted as one of the biggest CMP site in the city, covering 2.7 has and involving 404 families. The village which has around 33,000 population has also been the subject of CMP project of FDA, which helped process 1,470 sq m of land for 27 families, amounting to P2,205,000.
Bgy. Bagong Silangan was also the pilot site of the LAMP-102 project between the Land Administration and Management Project and Philssa. LAMP 102 sought to surface appropriate mechanisms in facilitating shelter and tenure security. With the assistance of FDA particularly through its relationship with 18 HOAs, LAMP-102 undertook field validation, area mapping and community profiling and cost P467,000.
The affiliation of 18 HOAs with FDA also resulted to the inclusion of Bgy. Bagong Silangan as a mass base for the policy advocacy of FDA. Dubbed as QC MOVE or Quezon City Movement for Land and Housing Rights, this initiative calls for the creation of a local housing board, among many others.
Bgy. Bagbag, Bgy. Capri, Bgy. Commonwealth, Bgy. Sauyo and Bgy Sta. Cruz
All three areas have been a part of PASCRES’ youth organising and networking, in cooperation with Anak Teatro. This initiative targets more than 300 families for the period 2004-2008. UPA has likewise been active in the NGC area.
Bgy. Batasan Hills
FDUP is currently processing the acquisition of land under CMP, set to benefit 112 families and amounting to P8,688,000. Batasan Hills was also among the chosen sites by Kasagan-Ka’s microfinance and insurance programs.
Bgy. Commonwealth, Bgy. Fairview, Bgy. Pasong Tamo
The three barangays have been the pilot sites of Kasagana-ka’s microfinance and microinsurance projects.
Forty-seven families became CMP beneficiaries through FDUP, costing nearly P2 million. Kasagana-ka also included Bgy. Culiat in its operations.
Bgy. Del Monte and Bgy. Dona Imelda
These two areas have been the sites of community organising of COM. Having families situated along the river, the two have been engaging the LGU on matters relating to flood control and easements, among others.
Bgy. Gulod has been the site of several CMP projects, mainly through FDA and FDUP. In 2001 alone, these projects amounted to nearly P13 million, covering 245 hectares and benefitting 11, 164 families. In 2002, 23 hectares was subjected to the programme, costing P1.4 million for 883 families. FDA also facilitated access to decent housing by 2,270 households now settled in a 61-ha property amounting to P4 million in 2003.
Meanwhile FDUP has facilitated CMP projects amounting to P11,597,800 and benefitting 277 families from 1996 to 2002. Its existing CMP projects are estimated at P1,848,400, set to benefit nearly 300 families.
PASCRES also initiated CMP projects involving three local organistaions in Gulod: Nenita Ville HOA, Crispolo HOA, Florentina HOA. It also spearheaded a programme on youth organising and networking with Anak Teatro QC, involving 300 individuals.
Having been the siote of various housing projects, Gulod has been active in advocacies on housing. Among these is QC MOVE or Quezon City Movement for Land and Housing Rights.
Bgy. Holy Spirit
Bgy. Hol;y Spirit has likewise been an area for operations of Kasagana-ka. FDA also worked for 3,962 families through a direct-buying schemehousing programme that covers 95 hectares and costs almost P8 million.
Bgy. Loyola Heights
Because of its proximity to the Miriam College, Katipunan Avenue, the establishments running along the highway, and people plying the area have become beneficiaries of Miriam Peace’s environmental work. In the past, Miriam Peace promoted two-stroke motorcycles for tricycles passing through the highway and entering its surrounding subdivisions and universities. Such technology could effective reduce carbon emissions. Miriam Peace was also active in stopping the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) from cutting the more than 50 year old Acacia trees which line the boundary between Katipunan Avenue and Tandang Sora as well as some trees on the islands along Katipunan Avenue. The environmental group also launched a campaign, encouraging the use of bayong instead of plastic bags in Shoppersville. Miriam Peace has also took steps in maintaining the pedestrian overpass facing Miriam College. Students and straff of Miriam College also plant trees along Katipunan Avenue annually. At the moment, Miriam Peace is engaging QC, academic institutions, and tricycle operators and drivers associations in a Community-based Air Quality Management Programme. It is also hosting an ecology camp for its high school students.
Bgy. Nagkaisang Nayon
Areas such as Molave 2 and Damong Maliit had become recipients of the technical assistance in community planning provided by Alterplan and supported by Children International. The three year project saw the development of a low-cost housing that benefited 62 families. The resulting community also included a community center as well as commercial areas for small or cooperative-run businesses.
Bgy. Nagkaisang Nayon was also a beneficiary of a CMP programme facilitated by FDA, amounting to P15 million and encompassing 287 hectares. This initiatve benefitted nearly 15,000 households. FDA also provided consultancy services estimiated to be worth P800,000 in 2001. The village was likewise an active stakeholder in the QC MOVE which advocated the establishment of a local housing board, among others.
Bgy. Nagkaisang Nayon was also a site of upscaling with the support of the World Bank in 2005. This initiative consists of provisions for potable water in three HOAs; installation of a water system amounting to P9,273,378; and the construction of roads and drainage amounting to P7,370,170. The initiative also included a CMP project benefitting 441 families and amounting to P16,643,548.
Bgy. Old Balara
One of the most established areas in Quezon City, having as landmarks the offices of the Metropolitan Water Works and Sewerage System, Celebrity Sports Plaza and Capitol Hills Golf and Country Club. But as in most cases, much more runs along Tandang Sora avenue. Poverty surrounds the place’s periphery.
Old Balara has been one of the major community sites FDA has been servicing. In 2003, FDA became an instrument for three HOAs to secure the parcels of land their families are occupying. Liwanag HOA acquired 1,875 sqm through a loan amounting to P5,634,000. Meanwhile, Kapalaran HOA was granted 800 sqm for P1,280,000. Finally PIPAI HOA gained 504 sqm for P950,000. These CMP processes have benefited almost a hundred families.
Old Balara is also a member of FDA’s QC MOVE.
Other Philssa partners who have lent their expertise for Old Balara communities include SEED and Kasagana-Ka. In 2005 SEED performed a feasibility study in the area for a project with Alterplan. Kasagana-ka’s cooperative extended their services to the area and eventually offered microinsurance plans.
Marked by the mountains of garbage from different points in the metropolis, Payatas has undoubtedly been a showcase of poverty, being host of problems such as hunger, malnutrition, education, crime and so on. Due to these, which were further highlighted by the tragic landslide which killed 200 residents, Payatas has been targeted by development workers.
Payatas comes out prominently within Philssa’s network as well as the area has become a subject for CMP and programs related to health, education, women, and entrepreneurship.
Bgy. Payatas was among the CMP sites facilitated by FDA and FDUP. The former helped 69 families acquire 4,439 sqm through a loan amounting to P4,439,000 while the latter ensured the installation of 194 families to a land amounting to P11,708,450.
ICSI, with the support of individuals, has been running a feeding and scholarship program for Payatas’ children and youth. Sagip Bata Feeding Program is designed for underweight children aged 2 to 6, who are given supplements weekly for period of three months. At the moment, ICSI is serving 32 children. Landas ng Pag-asa Scholarship Program offers support for students seeking to pursue vocational and professional courses. Since 2002, the program has produced 57 scholars.
ICSI has also embarked on a reproductive health program that trains couples on the Billings Ovulation Method, which has been regarded as the most modern and effective natural method. Since the series of trainings were introduced in 2005, 120 couples have participated in the program.
Payatas has also been a target site for Kasagana-Ka’s programs on microfinance and microinsurance which have benefited a total of 1,600 families.
Bgy. Sta. Cruz
As part of the communities along the San Juan river, Sta. Cruz has been one of the sites of COM’s organising activities.
Bgy. Sta. Lucia
Bgy. Sta. Lucia was also a recipient of an FDA-assisted CMP project which had 1,700 households as recipients of a 42 hectare land, amounting to P2.5 million. FDUP also facilitated a series of CMP projects from 1993 to 2001 involving 304 families and amounting to more than P15 million.
FDA and PASCRES also included Bgy. Sta. Lucia in their respective campaigns for a local housing board and youth leadership respectively.
Consisting of roughly 1,000 families, the riverside community of Talayan has been deeply involved in COM’s programs on community organising and leadership development. Through time, a number of women from Talayan led the formation of the Gender and Development Council within ULAP. ULAP is a coalition composed of riverside communities within and outside Quezon City, pursuing housing issues, including the 10 meter easement campaign.
GADC intends to mainstream women and gender concerns within communities. This, also ensure that these concerns are not sidetracked by the advocacy around housing. Though still in its formative years, its leaders from Talayan and nearby areas have initiated talks with local officials towards the engendering the budgets of the barangays.
Bgy. Tatalon is one of the riverside communities being organised by COM. COM has been providing a series of trainings in the area on community organising and leadership. Bgy. Tatalon is likewise active in engaging the LGU to reduce the 10 meter easement which affects more than 1,100 families. The area is also involved in COM-assisted gender mainstreaming initiatives. Bgy. Tatalon has also benefitted from direct support services such as community planning, reblocking, health and microfinance. It has also been included in COM’s research and documentation activities.
Posted by urbanpooralliance on August 8, 2007
Quezon City ranks among the most established city in the country, especially since for nearly three decades, it functioned as the Philippine’s capital. In recent years, particularly under the stewardship of Mayor Feliciano Belmonte, Quezon City has enjoyed appellations such as “The Richest City”, “The Best Managed City”, “The Most Business Friendly City”, and even “The Hollywood Capital of the Philippines.” Such titles are more than image-building ploys as they are backed by solid facts, accomplished with huge doses of determination and innovation over a certain period of time.
Throughout his term as mayor, Belmonte has turned Quezon City from the most bankrupt to the most liquid cities in Metro Manila. When he assumed office, the city incurred a huge debt, most notably the P1.25 billion from the Land Bank of the Philippines and some payable to various contractors, amounting to P1.4 billion.
The city boasts it fiscal efficiency that has resulted to a budget surplus of P282 million annually for the last five years. The local administration has likewise enforced a computerization program that attempts to make taxation more transparent and up to date and break the red tape in business processing. With its huge savings, the local government has managed to finance additional infrastructure especially roads and extended other services like day care centres.
Despite this extraordinary feat, the city is also home to a vast population of Metro Manila’s urban poor. According to the Urban Poor Affairs Office, informal settlers account for 45 percent of the population, roughly 199,678 families as of 2004. Being the largest city 2.17 million people, Quezon City is also the biggest producer of solid waste. Land value can also range from as low as P2,800 per square meter to P25,000 per square meter.
The city also has a massive pool of labor resources especially since the average age of its population is 24 years yet its unemployment rate is pegged at 15 percent.
Health institutions including those specialising in certain diseases such as the Philippine Heart Center, National Kidney Institute and Philippine Lung Center are concentrated in the city. Such is likewise the case of educational institutions, including the country’s top universities. But due to the increasing population living under the poverty line, access to infrastructure and services remain beyond the people’s grasp.
Posted by urbanpooralliance on August 8, 2007
Posted by urbanpooralliance on August 8, 2007
Catholic Bishop backs group in fight
against urban poverty
15 July 2007. Manila Auxiliary Bishop Broderick Pabillo added his voice to the initiative being pursued by the Urban Poor Alliance (UP-ALL), a coalition of non-government organizations (NGOs), people’s organizations (PO) and individuals all over the country who are working for the advancement of the urban poor particularly in facilitating the right to decent housing.
UP-ALL have found an ally with the Housing Committee Chairman of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) in its third general assembly at the Religious of the Virgin Mary (RVM) Convent in Quezon City over the weekend.
Expressing his support and solidarity, Bishop Pabillo said he will help the group as it pursues the more urgent issues and concerns such as eviction, resettlement, basic services, land proclamation, community mortgage program, and women and gender.
Bishop Pabillo further noted that preventing and minimizing urban poverty requires solving rural poverty. As an example, he told the story of poor dwellers under a bridge in a parish in Las Piñas City. “Merong mga squatters sa ilalim ng tulay at ang kanilang sahig ay styrofoam. Para kapag tumatataas ang tubig, aakyat din sila. Kapag bumaba ang tubig, bababa din sila. Kung maganda na ang buhay at
may trabaho na, aalis na sila. Pero may bago na naman na papasok. So hindi talaga mauubos iyan.”
According to Bishop Pabillo, urban poverty may be reduced through job creations, health services and better education. “Ang aking ideya dyan ay ang mga tao ay may regular na trabaho pero hindi ganun ang sitwasyon ng maraming urban poor. Nagtitinda lang iyan ng mga bulaklak dyan, hindi naman may regular na trabaho iyan,” explained the Bishop.
At a dinner meeting at Malacañang last July 5 with President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, Bishop Pabillo called the government’s attention to forced evictions despite its failure to provide decent job opportunities to relocated urban poor families.
The Urban Poor Associates (UPA), an NGO that provides free legal assistance to underprivileged homeless, lamented that the government has concentrated on the demolition of urban poor communities rather than on housing, as called for by the Urban Development and Housing Act (UDHA). Idle government lands earmarked for low-cost housing are being sold to private investors, according to UPA.
UPA have asked several Church leaders to intervene in impending demolitions because it may leave thousands homeless. Bishop Pabillo said many priests and Bishops are willing to help but the problem is many church people do not know the urban poor issues. “Hindi nila malalaman yung isyu kung hindi ninyo ilalapit sa kanila. Alam naman natin na yung isyu ng kahirapan, malapit sa puso ng mga tao iyan kung alam lamang nila. Problema hindi nila alam,” he added.
Since its formation in 2005, UP-ALL is further consolidating its ranks in Bicol, Visayas, Mindanao and Mega Manila. It has come up with a 14-point agenda. Among these include:
· The establishment of a local housing board that would manage and respond to the needs of the urban poor, particularly in facilitating the latter’s right to housing and basic services.
· A guarantee that families threatened by eviction due to development projects would be allowed to meaningfully participate in policy and planning processes especially in ensuring in-city
relocation including economic opportunities within the locality
· Regular allocation of adequate funds for housing through a multi-stakeholder process and ensuring that budget on housing even on the level of the Barangay represents the interest of the Gender and
Posted by urbanpooralliance on August 8, 2007
RP’s urban poor meet on their third congress
14 July 2007, Betania Retreat House, Religious of the Virgin Mary
214 N. Domingo Street cor Balete Drive, New Manila, Quezon City
(near Betty Go-Belmonte Station)
Contact: Nina Somera – 09218122066
The Urban Poor Alliance is a coalition of non-government organizations (NGOs), peoples organizations (PO) and individuals who are working for the advancement of the country’s urban poor particularly in facilitating their right to descent and livable housing. Since its formation in 2005, the Alliance has come up with a 14-point agenda which consolidates the most urgent issues and concerns of the urban poor sector. Among these include:
The establishment of a local housing board that would manage and respond to the needs of the urban poor, particularly in facilitating the latter’s right to housing and basic services.
A guarantee that families threatened by eviction due to development projects would be allowed to meaningfully participate in policy and planning processes especially in ensuring in-city relocation including economic opportunities within the locality.
Regular allocation of adequate funds for housing through a multistakeholder process and ensuring that budget on housing even on the level of the barangay represents the interest of the Gender and Development framework.
Now on its thrid year, the Alliance is further consolidating its ranks in four major regions: Bicol, Visayas, Mindanao and Mega Manila. This, as it pursues the more urgent issues and concerns such as eviction, resettlement and basic services, land proclamation, community mortgage program, and women and gender. This year’s theme: “Palakasin ang Pagkakaisa ng mga Mamamayan sa Kalungsuran para sa Ganap na Kaunlaran” reflects the growth of the alliance and the impact which it has engendered to the communities.
Last year saw an even more increasing partnership between this social movement and faith based groups, most notably the articulation of urban poor issues and concerns within Philippine Bishops Conference of the Philippines and the formation of the technical working group on housing and urban livability within the Philippine Misereor Partners.
UP-ALL Mega Manila also produced a comprehensive legislative agenda which was meant to obtain the commitment of certain aspiring solons. Last May, after a series of inclusive consultations and careful deliberations, UP-ALL Mega Manila endorsed the following senatorial candidates: Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III, Michael Joker Arroyo, Defensor, Francis Joseph Escudero, and Ralph Recto. Half of them gained senate seats. Their commitment to the legislative agenda would be pursued while the Alliance work on other institutions and processes especially the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC), Presidential Commission on the Urban Poor (PCUP), and Social Housing Finance Corporation (SHFC) to allow its advocacies and campaigns to come into fruition.
UP-ALL has consistently engaged the government towards the approval of
Vice President Noli de Castro of the implementing rules and regulations of Memorandum Order 74 or that which mandates the upgrading of social housing sites; the cessation of wanton and violent demolition of the Metro Manila Development Authority and even local government units; and the installation of competent persons in the leadership of SHFC.
In its third general assembly, UP-ALL is fortunate to have the presence of Bishop Broderick Pabillo, Auxillary Bishop of Manila and Percival Chavez, chair of PCUP. Newly-sworn sentors Aquino, Arroyo, Escudero as well as Alan Peter Cayetano were invited and encouraged to attend the activity.
Posted by urbanpooralliance on August 8, 2007
1. Ipatupad ang pagbubuo ng Local Housing Board (LHB) sa Quezon City, sa pamamagitan ng mga sumusunod:
1.1. Maglabas ng kautusan (tulad ng Administrative Order) para mabuo ang isang preparatory committee na mamamahala sa Urban Poor Assembly at magtitiyak ng pakikilahok ng mga maralitang tagalunsod sa mga proseso nito. Sa naturang assembly pipiliin ang mga kinatawan ng maralitang tagalunsod sa LHB tungo sa pagbubuo at pagrerepaso ng implementing rules and regulations (IRR) ng LHB at pagbubuo ng agenda ng sector sa LHB.
1.2. Regular na maglaan ng karampatang pondo para sa LHB
1.3. Lagdaan ng QC Mayor ang IRR ng LHB.
2. Repasuhin at isaayos ang pag-a-update QC City Shelter Plan at tiyakin ang pakikilahok ng UP-ALL QC sa prosesong ito.
3. Tiyakin na magkaroon ng probisyon tungkol sa socialised housing site, na hangga’t maaari ay sa loob ng siyudad o in-city relocation at na ito ay abot-kaya, may katiyakan, may mga batayang serbisyo at may kabuhayan. Ang mga socialised housing site para sa maralitang tagalunsod ay dapat nakapaloob sa QC City Shelter Plan.
4. Magkaroon ng malinaw na proseso ng pagba-budget ang lokal na pamahalaan at tiyakin ang pakikilahok ng sektor dito sa mga sumusnod:
4.1. Pakikilahok at pagsubaybay ng UP-ALL QC sa pagpapatupad ng Gender and Development (GAD) budget, maging sa antas ng baranggay.
4.2. Pakikilahok ng UP-ALL QC sa pagtatalaga ng budget para sa pabahay at ang pagtatalakay nito sa City Development Council.
4.3. Pakikilahok sa at pagkakaroon ng impormasyon hinggil sa budget para sa imprastruktura ng QC lalo na’t yung makakaapekto at magdudulot ng dislokasyon sa maralitang tagalunsod.
4.4. Pagbuo ng mga Local Inter-Agency Committee sa mga komunidad na maapektuhan ng infrastructure projects.
5. Magtalaga ng Social Housing Fund na magmumula sa internal revenue allotment ng lungsod.
6. Bagaman naaprubahan na ang 3-meter easement sa mga ilog at sapa ng QC, nangangailangan na tukuyin ng pamahalaang lokal ang mga mapanganib na lugar o danger zones sa lungsod sa lalong madaling panahon. Ito ay upang ihanda ang mga apektadong pamayanan sa paglikas at relokasyon na ayon sa prosesong inilatag sa RA 7279:Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992, na mas kilala bilang UDHA.
7. Tiyakin na may mga Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) bilang kaakibat ng bawat proyektong pangimprastruktura; pagtutukoy ng danger zone; at desisyon ng korte na makakaapekto sa mga paninirahan ng maralitang tagalunsod. Sa RAP titiyakin na may may karampatang “people’s planning processes.”
8. At para sa kalahok sa UP-ALL: Pagpa-accredit sa lokal na pamahalaan ng QC upang kilalanin ito at bigyan ng pagkakataong makilahok sa mga proseso ng QC at magtalakay ng mga isyu sa lungkod.
9. Pagkakaroon ng isang malinaw at komprehensibong proseso ng pagpapatitulo at makatuwirang pagbubuwis sa mga lugar ng social housing, CMP project at direct purchase. Kabilang dito ang pag-aapruba ng mga subdivision plan sa loob ng isang buwan at ang pagbibigay ng konsiderasyon (pagbubukod man o pagbibigay ng 50% na diskuwento) sa mga CMP beneficiary sa pagkuha ng building permit at pagbabayad ng buwis.
10. Magkaroon ng libreng edukasyon para sa mga maralita. Ang mga scholarship ay hindi lamang dapat nakabatay sa grado, kundi dapat ibatay din sa kawalan ng kakayahayan magbayad ng mga pamilya ng mga estudyante. Kailangan ding matiyak na ang mga scholarship program ay pinakikinabangan ng higit na nasasadlak sa kahirapan.
11. Magkaroon ng programang pangkalusugan para sa mga maralitang komunidad, lalo na ang mga batang nakatira malapit sa Payatas dumpsite o mga lugar na madaling pagkalatan ng sakit. Maglaan ng pondo para sa libreng bakuna, gamot at bitamina.
12. Magkaroon ng higit pang oportunidad at suportang pangkabuhayan mula sa lokal na pamahalaan para sa maralitang tagalunsod sa QC. Maglaan ng pondo para sa mga dagdag puhunan ng mga proyektong microfinance at mga livelihood training; Tiyakin na sa mga proyektong pangimprastruktura ng gobyerno sa lungsod, unang bibigyan ng oportunidad na makapagtrabaho ang mga maykakayahan na nakatira sa QC.
13. Itigil ang gibaan sa mga paninirahan ng maralitang tagalunsod hangga’t walang maayos na konsultasyon at maayos paglilipatan alinsunod sa UDHA. Hangga’t maari ang lugar na paglilipatan ay on-site o di kaya’t in-city relocation, at alinsunod sa napagkasunduan ng apektadong maralitang tagalunsod at iba pang partido gaya ng gobyerno at pribadong sektor (Ang CMP projects ay hindi saklaw sa tigil gibaan).
14. Tukuyin at repashuin ang mga Area for Priority Development (APD) sa QC bilang mga priority site para sa social housing.
15. Bilang pagpapatupad ng UDHA, magsagawa ng pagiimbentaryo ng mga bakanteng lupain sa QC at tukuyin mula rito ang mga lupaing maaaring pagtayuan ng programang pabahay o social housing site.
16. Bilang pagpapatupad ng UDHA, isagawa at regular na i-update ang UDHA beneficiary listing sa QC.
17. Magkaroon ng programa hinggil sa mga alternatibong paraan ng pabahay gaya ng usufruct at maglaan ng pondo ang lokal na pamahalaan sa pagpapatupad nito, kabilang na ang direct purchase ng mga lupain para sa social housing.
18. Pag-aralan ang posibilidad (viability) ng lokalisation ng CMP sa QC.
Posted by urbanpooralliance on August 7, 2007
Due to some technical problems, we are unable to paste the highlights of UP-ALL National GA 2007. However, you may still access the document through the link.
Posted by urbanpooralliance on July 25, 2007
Palakasin ang Pagkakaisa ng mga Mamamayan sa Kalungsuran para sa Ganap na Kaunlaran
Ikatlong Kongreso ng UP-ALL
14 July 2007, Religious of the Virgin Mary
National Anthem, Lou Chavez, Bicol Urban Poor Coordinating Council
Openning Prayer, Bishop Broderick Pabillo, Auxillary Bishop of Manila
10:00 – 11:00
Mindanao, Dioscara Rodriguez and Virginia Bayo
Luzon/ Bicol, Tony Canon
Mega Manila, Ping Fampulme
11:00 – 11:30: Break
11:30 – 12:00
Consolidated Report on the 5 Major Areas of Advocacy of UP-ALL:
Resettlement and basic services (JJC-ICSI)
Community Mortgage Programme (FDUP)
Proclamation and Eviction (UPA)
Local Housing Board (Saligan)
by Ana Oliveros, Foundation for the Development of the Urban Poor
Programmes and Interventions of the Government
by Percival Chavez, Chair, Presidential Commission on the Urban Poor
12:30 – 1:00
1:00 – 2:00: Lunch
2:00 – 2:10
Jing Karaos, John J. Caroll Institute on Church and Social Issues
2:10 – 2:30
Resolutions for discussion and approval
Legislative Agenda, Rizal Beato
Minimum Standards, Jose Morales
2:30 – 3:00
3:00 – 3:30: Break
3:30 – 4:00
Response from the Church
by Bishop Broderick Pabillo, Chair, TWG on Housing and Urban Poor Concerns,Philippine Misereor Partners
Resolutions: Legislative Agenda and Minimum Standards
Posted by urbanpooralliance on July 6, 2007
Veron Magpantay of ULAP’s Gender and Development Committee led the opening prayer while Ofelia Bagotnon of HPFP delivered some remarks, explaining the rationale behind the GA. The General Assembly was called to discuss two major areas of concern for UP-ALL NCR: Advocacy and Organisation. The GA was an opportunity for the city formnations namely Las Pinas, Quezon City, Malabon, and Muntinlupa to present their respective local or city agenda; for the body to formulate a regional agenda and to discuss possible national agenda such as minimum standards for resettlement, engagement in the elections, and legislative agenda. Another important topic is the UDHA amendment. In terms of organisation, UP-ALL NCR has to define its regional structure and formulate plans particularly among emerging city-formations. Ofelia also went over the day’s programme.
The city reports have three main parts: accomplishments, local agenda and assessment of UP-ALL NCR’s electoral engagement.
The city report of Las Pinas was mainly created from a process that was facilitated by FDA and participated by members of the Kasama at Alyansa ng mga Mamayan sa Pagunlad Inc. (KAMPI).
KAMPI embarked on a livelihood project on liquid soap making with three partners: Dynapharm, BTC and Euro. It also managed to raise funds through the conduct of bingo games and Ms. Kampi Popularity contest. KAMPI also extended assistance to member HOAs who were affected by calamities.
As KAMPI joined UP-ALL, it elected its chairperson, Rizal B. Beato as the representative of the South sector. KAMPI counts among its achievements the pursuit of EO 272; accreditation at the SHFC and having a representative at the SHFC; and the ouster of Celso de los Angeles.
On the Local Agenda
On its local agenda, it is bent on five issues: the creation of a local housing board, the passage of an ordinance that would lower the garbage fee to P50; accreditation at the city council; mainstreaming of the direct buying scheme; and the participation of HOA members of KAMPI at the Barangay Development Council.
On its Assessment of the Electoral Engagement
KAMPI held a caucus in support of the tandem Aguilar and Villar.
The city report of Malabon was also a product of a process facilitated by FDA. This was consolidated by members of Alyansa ng may Integridad na Maralitang Taga-Malabon (AIMM). AIMM has five goals:
To support programs of the local government, national government, civil society and other sectors
To have the urban poor sector recognised as a partner of the local government towards the development of Malabon
To establish the Alliance as the center of unity and cooperation among urban poor groups
To build the capacity, awareness and integrity of leaders and organisations, enabling the active participation of communities.
To provide assistance in responding to the issues and concerns of the sector.
AIMM has actively lobbied for an oprdinance which would have exempted social housing beneficiaries from paying regulatory fees. It also worked for the creation of a locxal housing board which was finally approved last March 30, 2007. As it further formalises itself, AIM conducted congresses and trainings and even a logo making contest. 2007 Also saw the expansion of its members from 72 to 75 HOAs.
Malabon has 10 agenda, beginning with a call for the re-activation and strengthening of the local hosuing board. The agenda also dwelled on community mortgage programme, which is seen as a viable housing mechanisms that must be strengthened by introducing tax incentives for beneficiaries, among others. AIMM also echoed a halt tp demolitions particularly those which are not backed by a comprehensive and processed resettlement plan which includes provision for services such as water, electricity, health and infrastructures for education and employment. It also seconded the point that any resettlement action must be done within the boundaries of the city. To further highlight the needs the poor in governance processes, AIMM believes the need to have a representative of the sector in the city council, local housing board, local inter-agency committee, and the task force on anti-squatting syndicate. This will also help in sourcing out funds for urban poor programmes.
On its Assessment of the Electoral Engagement
AIM supported Team Malabon candidates and the line up endorsed by UP for senatorial and partylist positions. It also participated in the Voters Education conducted by Simbahang Lingkod Bayan and FDA.
UP-ALL Muntinlupa consists of groups addressing housing and land issues in relation to: government lands, private lands and danger zones. During its June 16, 2007 assembly, it set forth the following goals: (1) to consolidate the urban poor residing in government lands, private lands and danger zones; (2) to continue the engagement with the local and national governments while continuing organising on the ground; (3) operationalise the local housing board (an ordinance on this was recently passed); continuing consolidation of local and national agenda. The group likewise declared June 16 as UP-ALL Muntinlupa Day.
Its major agenda include: the passage of a resolution on the UP-ALL Muntinlupa’s accreditation by the city council; having an representative of the urban poor at the city council; electoral engagement beginning with the barangay level; and surface the issues against HLURB.
UP-ALL QC initiated a process towards the production of its local agenda, months before the UP-ALL NCR GA. It also launched itself last April 22, 2007 at Miriam Peace, gathering around 150 participants. However, its structure remains ad hoc in nature, consisting of representatives from the 8 federations working in QC: ULAP. ULR-TF, CMP, HPFP, UPA, DAMPA, SAMA-SAMA and ALMANOVA
QC has 18 agenda, topped by the call for the creation of a local housing board; comprehensive resettlement programs; tax incentives for CMP beneficiaries; UDHA compliance; provisions on communities residing in danger zones; gender mainstreaming; provision for basic services, among others.
QC also assessed the past elections, affirming that the electoral exercise remained flawed and corrupt. It also asserted that due to the otherwise rushed participation of UP-ALL NCR, a bloc vote among the urban poor communities was not developed. Nonetheless, the electoral engagement of UP-ALL NCR provided some gains which the Alliance may refer in case it intends to pursue its participation in the coming barangay and 2010 elections.
The river side communities also presented the output of their conference, particularly the agenda which they wish to be surfaced in engaging the local governments. They have three major agenda: (1) the creation of a local hosuing board; (2) the implementation of hosuing programmes; and (3) strict compliance to the social requirements in the construction and operationalisation of infrastructures. Since the river side communities encounter a different set of vulnerabilities, the communities requires a specific development plan. They also called for the recognition of a People’s Plan; the production of housing beneficiary listing; and the production of an inventory of lands which may be appropriated for social hosuing.
The communities also stressed the need for in-city relocation and meaningful participation of communities during consultations over infrastructure projects. They noted the emerging threat brought by the C3 project which is likely to affect around 394,000 families.
Jing identified the following common issues and agenda
Eviction – the groups affirmed that no eviction must take place without consultations and resettlement action plans. These processes must also be informed by the city shelter plan which must also lay down possible sites for relocation and social hosuing within the city. Danger zones must also be identified to prepare the community both for dialogue/ consultation and resettlement.
Resettlement – RAPs must be guided by a People’s Plan (For civil society, the challenge is to provide the processes and build capacities for the communities, enabling them to engendering People Plans. In-city relocation was also stressed.
City Shelter Plan – This document must be comprehensive as this require the entire lay-out of programs for social housing, including resettlement. The production of a city shelter plan also requires the release of an up-to-date beneficiary listing; inventory of potential sites for social housing; compliance with the 20 percent balanced housing provision in UDHA; identification of danger zones; and identification of areas for development. One challenge in developing or updating a city shelter plan is to ensure that issues and concerns on women and gender are surfaced.
Local housing board – Creation, if not strengthening of local housing boards
Housing finance – Cities must create a funding facility for social housing. They must also ensure the integration of housing and urban poor concerns in budgeting processes and participate in CMP and other housing programmes. The localisation of CMP must also be further studied.
Participation – All city reports indicate the need for the representation and participation of the urban poor sector in government bodies particularly the city council, budget deliberations. local inter-agency committees, and others. UP-ALL must also be accredited by the local governments.
Electoral Engagement – The reports highlighted the need to follow up the activities and processes initiated by UP-ALL NCR during the previous elections, particularly following up the offices of endorsed legislators who won and who made a commitment to pursue the legislative agenda. Other electoral activities which must be considered are the barangay and the 2010 elections. The possibility of having an urban poor party-list was also raised.
Other issues and concerns include: having convcenient and effective processes for land registration; creation of a task force and mechanisms on anti-squatting syndicates; creation of a legal assistance desk for the urban poor; clarification on the mandate of HLURB; and provision for basic services.
Other participants eventually raised supplementary inputs. Ric said that should UP-ALL NCR decide pursue its electoral engagement, it has to identify a legitimate urban poor party list. In terms of land inventory. Audie said that a listing of proclaimed lands for the sector must also be released, verified and monitored. Past incidents of demolitions must likewise be documented. Ana added that LGUs must also be pinned down in determining the extent of their liability for the violent demolitions implemented by the MMDA. She noted that MMDA has even become a partner in the rehabilition of Pasig river, allowing the agency to wantonly clear riverside communities. Ana also raised the latest developments at the Social Hosuing Finance Corporation, whose board members are bent to step down. Some of these board members are supportive of UP-ALL. hence there is a need to lobby that for the appointment of credible personalities for the agency.
Ana led a review of the legislative agenda which UP-ALL NCR produced for its electoral engagement. Ana reminded that the legislative agenda is one document which UP-ALL NCR may propose to UP-ALL National, for the approval of other regions.
Tanya outlined the requirements which met be met in any resettlement processes.
Jing highlighted certain provisions of the UDHA which need to be amended. These are Section 3 or the definition of squatters; Section 8 or the automatic transfer of social housing sites to the NHA; Section 10 or the modes of land acquisition; Section 18 or basic balanced housing; and Section 28 or eviction and demolition protocol. The proposed revision of Section 3 intends to simplify the definition of “professional squatter.” At present, “professional squatter” includes those “who have previously been awarded homelots or housing units by the Government but who sold, leased or transferred the same to settle illegally in the same place or in another urban area, and non-bona fide occupants and intruders of lands reserved for socialized housing.” Meanwhile revisions on Section 8 intends to expedite social housing processes. Currently, disposition of lands requires the approval of the Office of the President. Similarly Section 10 states that land acquisition may be done only when all modes are exhausted. However, this need not be the case especially when all stakeholders have already gone through a consultative process and are willing to pour the necessary resources. Provisions on the 20% balanced housing also have to be defined to ensure in-city relocation. The amendment of UDHA also seeks to provide more teeth to the Presidential Commission on the Urban Poor and to exempt urban poor families from paying bonds in the filing of legal cases.
Lita presented a proposed structure for the UP-ALL NCR. Here, the general assembly consists of 10 POs from every city formation; 5 POs from every emerging city formations, and NGOs whose representation would be based on issues. Lita also explained the initial set of criteria for a city formation. These are the following:
(1) constituted by two or more organisations; (2) presence of a formal structure; (3) consolidated by an agenda; (4) its members have a history of cooperation. There are three possible models for the city structures: They may be organised according to disctricts (geographical); federations; or issues.
Beneath the GA is the steering committee consisting of two representatives from every city formation and 3 representatives from NGOs.
The proposed regional structure was further discussed in the break out sessions where three groups were formed: city formations; emerging city formations and NGOs.
The city formations affirmed the four criteria though they placed emphasis on the presence of a local agenda . Nothing changed with regards to the agenda and plans presented by the four city formation but each identified two representatives (three for Muntinlupa) for the steering committee.
Las Pinas – Rizal Beato and Marigold Sabio (alternate: Daria Cuevas)
Malabon – Tony Sablan and Caloy Diaz
Muntinlupa – Roberto Rabo, Bert Paycana and Amy Solamo
Quezon City – Jose Morales and Ping Fampulme
Emerging City Formations
The following were considered emerging city formations: Antipolo, Caloocan, Manila, Marikina, Montalban, Navotas, Pasig, and Valenzuela. All affirmed the proposed regional structure and agreed to become UP-ALL city formations. Most of them prefer to organise their ranks according to issue (Antipolo, Manila Montalban, Navotas, and Pasig). Only Caloocan said that it will most likely constitute an UP-ALL formation via distrticts or zones. The rest said that they have to discuss the matter further with their communities while Valenzuela manifested that it has yet to gather its resources to even consider becoming a city formation. All emerging city formations likewise affirmed the need to participate in the elections. In fact, some of their members would be vying for positions this coming barangay elections.
The NGOs moved for the refinement of the criteria for city formations and the modification of the proposed structure. They provided a minimum requirement with regards to the membership of a city formation: It has to have at least five HOAs located in two barangays. Membership may also include sectoral organisations such as women and gender and youth. The NGOs also added a fifth requirement which is the commitment to expand and consolidate urban poor groups within the city. With regards to the structure, NGOs proposed the creation of a set of working groups, in order to provide a mechanism for participation for emerging city formations and NGOs who are not part of the steering committee. This, as the NGOs, after heated discussions, maintained the composition of the steering committee: two representatives from every city formation and three representatives from NGOs. There are seven working groups:
Resettlement and basic services
Women, children and the elderly
The following regional structure was approved. However the NGOs have yet to name its three representatives at the steering committee. The composition of the seven working groups was also not discussed.
On the proposals for approval at the UP-ALL national GA